APOE information and its role in cholesterol metabolism, how to influence its levels
November 11 2016

Apolipoprotein E (APOE) plays an important role in VLDL cholesterol (see natural ways to decrease) metabolism. Both APOE e4 allele (APOE4) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with greater risk of dementia and vascular disease, but APOE4 carriers have lower blood concentrations of CRP than do noncarriers, possibly through a mechanism favoring the clearance of the CRP VLDL-bound fraction. Homocysteine, another risk factor for vascular disease and dementia, also binds to VLDL in blood. However, the association between APOE4 and hyperhomocysteinemia has never been thoroughly investigated. We investigated in an elderly population whether 1) APOE4 is associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, 2) high homocysteine blood levels affect the association between APOE4 and high CRP (serum CRP > 3 mg/L), and 3) B vitamin status affects these associations. APOE4 genotypes were assessed and tHcy, CRP, and serum concentrations of folate and vitamin B-12 were measured in 671 cognitively healthy subjects (52% women; mean age: 73 y) from an Italian population-based prospective cohort study. APOE4 carriers without high CRP had a lower risk of hyperhomocysteinemia than did noncarriers.

Independently from B vitamin status, APOE4 carriers have a lower risk of hyperhomocysteinemia and of high CRP than do noncarriers, but the presence of one condition attenuates the association of APOE4 with the other condition.

APOE gene function and role
The APOE gene gives instructions for making a protein called apolipoprotein E. This protein combines with fats (lipids) in the body to form molecules called lipoproteins. Apolipoprotein E is a major component of a specific type of lipoprotein called very low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs). VLDLs remove excess cholesterol from the blood and carry it to the liver for processing. Maintaining normal levels of cholesterol is essential for the prevention of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular diseases), including heart attack and stroke.

back to yohimbe product